Theodore J. Griswold

Professional Summary

Theodore J. Griswold is the leader of the firm’s Real Estate and Environmental team. Ted has counseled clients on Native American governance, intergovernmental agreements, alternative energy, natural and cultural resources, wetlands, habitat, environmental and land use matters. As the founder of the Native American practice group, much of Ted's practice focuses on Native American governments and tribal land issues.  This work includes fee to trust actions, land and natural resource planning, board governance training, tribal code and ordinance development, general welfare ordinance programs, tribal leasing, self-determination compacts and contracts, tribal property clean up.  He represents private, public and tribal governmental clients in state and federal permitting and negotiations, water supply development and protection, water quality, stormwater plans, tribal utilities and infrastructure, intergovernmental agreements, and tribal cultural resource protections and policies. He regularly assists Tribal, public agency and private clients in negotiating and receiving permit approvals from all permitting agencies, including Tribal Governments, Bureau of Indian Affairs, California Department of Transportation, US Army Corps of Engineers, US Fish & Wildlife Service, US Environmental Protection Agency, California Regional Water Quality Control Board, California Department of Fish & Wildlife, California Coastal Commission and various municipalities.

Ted is a member of Procopio’s COVID-19 Legal Resources Team.

Representative Matters

  • Land use approval, permitting and construction of 5mw solar plant project to completion and opening.  Negotiated intergovernmental agreements including mitigation agreements, water and air quality offset agreements, and FAA noninterference agreements. 
  • Oversee and guide Tribal environmental review, and BIA process, for new wind generation facility located on Tribal lands.
  • Due diligence and purchase of solar project property and permits in preparation for solar development and ensuring project challenges are resolved prior to purchase.
  • NEPA/ESA permitting and processing of 80-acre wind energy project on Tribal lands, including interconnect agreement with SDG&E and BIA leasing documents. 
  • Represented private party solar company in permitting and all agreements to design and construct multi-public agency solar facility on State lands and sale of electricity through RES-BCT Tariff Program with Southern California Edison.  Included power purchase agreements and interconnect agreements, as well as approval of construction design through the Division of State Architects.
  • Develop Joint Powers of Authority Agreements and facilitate JPA as a mechanism to use of RES-BCT Tariff Program for multiple municipalities to share in benefits of single large extra-jurisdictional solar facility.
  • Negotiate Community Resource Center located on Tribal lands pursuant to SDG&E Wildfire Protection Plan.
  • Advise Tribal government regarding development of Tribal utility including acquisition of existing power infrastructure from regional utility, acquisition of new right of ways and associated administrative infrastructure to operate utility.
  • Permitting and implementation agreements for Tribal solar facility for gaming facility.
  • Oversee design and permitting of zero net energy science education building, including solar trees consistent with division of State Architects requirements.
  • Assist with design and planning for community scale solar facility for multi-building health clinic facility.
  • Land acquisition due diligence for wind leases and large scale battery storage facilities.
  • Due diligence for acquisition of industrial scale solar facility, including biological and cultural impacts.
  • Assist private solar and wind developer in resolving comments and objections from Tribes regarding landscape scale power plant. 
  • Assist with development and implementation of cultural resource mitigation plan for large scale wind power project to resolve Tribal objections to project.
  • Assist balanced energy-focused non-profit entity in CPUC intervenor hearings to establish role in rule making.


  • 2020 Tribal Justice Champion, 9th Annual Southern California Judicial Convening
  • 2019 West Coast Top Rated Lawyers, ALM
  • Martindale-Hubbell® AV Preeminent Rating
  • “Top Lawyers,” San Diego Magazine, 2013-present
  • San Diego Super Lawyers® – 2007-2012, 2014-15 (Environmental) 2013 (Native American Law)
  • Southern California’s Top Rated Lawyers – 2012-2015
  • Top Rated Lawyer in Energy Law, Environmental Law, Land Use Law – 2013
  • Top Rated Lawyers Land Use and Zoning – 2013



  • Maataam NakaShin – Pro Bono Counsel
  • Federal Bar Association Indian Law Conference Advisory Board - Member
  • American Indian Recruitment Program – Board Member
  • Ocean Discovery Institute – Board of Directors, Living Lab Design and Construction Committee Chair
  • San Diego State University – College of Sciences Dean’s Corporate Advisory Board
  • Studio Earth Alliance (SEA) – Founding Member
  • Tribal Tax Consortium (Development of multi-tribal think tank to discuss the interplay between tribal sovereignty and state and local taxing authority)
  • American Bar Association – Native American Resources Committee
  • Mission Trails Regional Park Foundation – Advisor
  • University of California Los Angeles School of Law Moot Court Competition, Leaders Project – Judge and Participant
  • San Diego Regional Sustainability Partnership – Advisory Board (Past)
  • San Dieguito River Watershed – Technical Advisory Committee (Past)
  • State of California, Department of Toxic Substance Control – Site Mitigation Update Advisory Group (Past)
  • City of San Diego, Wetlands Advisory Board – Policy and Legislative Subcommittee (Past)
  • California Indian Legal Services – Pro Bono Co-Counsel (Past)


  • JD, University of San Diego School of Law, magna cum laude, 1992
  • MS (Coastal Ecology), San Diego State University, 1987
  • BS (Biology), San Diego State University, magna cum laude, 1985

News Coverage

  • Paul Kruze. “After Ruling by Judge, County Removes All Equipment From Julian Fire Station 56, Including Fire Engines, Ambulance and Water Tender,’ East County Magazine, November 20, 2019.
  • Andrew Westney. “Gold King Spill Vows Could be Fool’s Gold for Pruitt,” Law 360, August 18, 2017.


  • Introduction to Tribal Governments and the California Law Practice,” Legal Secretaries, Inc. - Specialty Law Workshop, Viejas Casino & Resort, Alpine, California, February 16, 2019.
  • “Protection of Cultural Uses Through Water Quality Laws,” Tribal Water Laws in California, Rincon, California, January 28-29, 2019.
  • “Becoming Environmental Leaders” keynote address, Environmental Leadership Academy, Temecula, California, October 24, 2018.
  • “Effective Tribal Participation in Development of Future GSPs:  Processes for Tribal Involvement and Challenge.”  Tribal Water Law in California.”  Law Seminars International, Rincon Resort, Valley Center, California, October 25, 2017.
  • “Practicing Native American Law in Southern California” - Combined San Diego Area Native American Law School Associations, Thomas Jefferson School of Law, October 9, 2017.
  • “Strategies for Environmental Leadership” Keynote Address, Environmental Leadership Academy Banquet, Temecula, California, October 5, 2017.
  • “Indian Self-Determination Education and Assistance Act.”  Board of Directors’ Training for Transition from Title I-Title V.”  California Region, Indian Health Services, Viejas Resort, June 29, 2017.
  • Indian Health Services Board of Directors: “Duty, Roles and Responsibilities” provided for California Area Office, Indian Health Services, in Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, Title I to Title V Training, Viejas Casino & Resort, June 27-29, 2017.
  • "Development of GSAs and GSPs: Effective Tribal Participation in the State's Processes," The Fourth Annual Advanced Conference on Tribal Water Law in California,  Law Seminars International, Valley Center, Ca, October 28, 2016.
  • “Local Environmental Leadership in Facing Climate Change” Keynote Address, CSU San Marcos Environmental Leadership Academy, Temecula Creek Inn, October 13, 2016.
  • “Laws Regarding Conservation of Species in Wildlife Corridors,” Animal Law Symposium, presented by the San Diego County Bar Association and the Student Animal Legal Defense Fund, San Diego, CA, September 10, 2016.
  • Panelist. “New EPA Rule regarding Waters of the U.S. Definition – Its effect on Southern California Projects,” Association of Environmental Professionals, San Diego, September 16, 2015.
  • Panelist.  “Comprehensive Environmental Review; Natural Resource Management Plans and Tribal Master Plans,” The Second Annual Comprehensive Conference on Tribal Environmental Quality Protection, Cabazon, CA, June 23, 2015.
  • Panelist.  “Inside the 2014 Kaleidoscope Award Winner Boardroom; Ocean Discovery Institute (ODI),” USD Nonprofit Governance Conference, San Diego, CA, January 9, 2015.
  • Keynote Speaker.  “Becoming a Leader in Your Environmental Profession,” California State University San Marcos Environmental Leadership Academy, Temecula, CA, October 9, 2014.
  • “Key Elements” of Tribal Environmental Ordinances, Policies and Resource Management Plans,” Tribal Environmental Quality Protection, Cabazon, California, May 13, 2014.
  • “Environmental and Land Use Law: Awareness of Hurdles Before Investing in Land in San Diego,” Lecturer, University of San Diego, Burnham Real Estate Institute, 2009-2015.
  • “Environmental Law in Southern California” California State University San Marcos Environmental Leadership Academy, Temecula, CA, October 10, 2013.